Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Continuous Glucose Monitor Systems

  • Janine SanchezEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_102021-1

A Continuous Glucose Monitor System (CGMS) measures glucose readings in interstitial fluid at regular intervals (usually every 5 min), 24 h a day. This was designed as a tool for patients with diabetes to more effectively manage their glucose levels with real-time information, as opposed to the momentary blood glucose sampling done with blood glucose meters multiple times per day. CGMS users insert a tiny sensor wire under their skin using an automatic applicator. A small, reusable transmitter sitting on the skin connects to the sensor wire. Some CGMS send the real-time readings wirelessly to a receiver or smart device where the user can view the information. One CGMS requires a scanner to see the current glucose level. In addition to showing real-time glucose information, CGMS show glucose direction and rate of change. Some CGMS have alarms which alert the user if the glucose level is too low or too high. Some CGMS allows the information to be transmitted to other people to help...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Cemeroglu, A. P., Stone, R., Kleis, L., Racine, M. S., Postellon, D. C., & Wood, M. A. (2010). Use of a real-time continuous glucose monitoring system in children and young adults on insulin pump therapy: Patients’ and caregivers’ perception of benefit. Pediatric Diabetes, 11(3), 182–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Tamborlane, W. V., Beck, R. W., Bode, B. W., Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation Continuous Glucose Monitoring Study Group, et al. (2008). Continuous glucose monitoring and intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes. The New England Journal of Medicine, 359, 1464–1476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alan M. Delamater
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA