Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Pain Recovery Inventory of Concerns and Expectations (PRICE) Questionnaire

  • William S. ShawEmail author
  • Glenn PranskyEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_101918-1


The Pain Recovery Inventory of Concerns and Expectations (PRICE) is a 46-item self-report questionnaire that was developed to identify individuals with acute low back pain (LBP) who are at greatest risk of transitioning to chronic back pain and disability and to match them to one of three early intervention strategies (Shaw et al. 2013). The items were selected from existing research measures and chosen based on their ability to discriminate patient subgroups and to predict 3-month outcomes of pain, function, and return to work (Shaw et al. 2007). The questionnaire includes items relating to pain and pain beliefs, function, psychological well-being, recovery expectations, and workplace support. The PRICE was designed for working adults with acute LBP and for administration within the first 2 weeks of pain onset. For each item, respondents are asked to indicate their level of agreement, their level of difficulty, or the frequency of their feelings and behaviors.




Pain Catastrophizing Pain Intensity Rating Workplace Support Recovery Expectation Early Intervention Strategy 
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References and Further Readings

  1. Reme, S. E., Shaw, W. S., Steenstra, I. A., Woiszwillo, M. J., Pransky, G., & Linton, S. J. (2012). Distressed, immobilized, or lacking employer support? A sub-classification of acute work-related low back pain. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 22, 541–552.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Shaw, W. S., Linton, S. J., & Pransky, G. (2006). Reducing sickness absence from work due to low back pain: How well do intervention strategies match modifiable risk factors? Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 16, 591–605.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Shaw, W. S., Pransky, G., Patterson, W., Linton, S. J., & Winters, T. (2007). Patient clusters in acute, work-related back pain based on patterns of disability risk factors. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 49, 185–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Shaw, W. S., Reme, S. E., Pransky, G., Woiszwillo, M. J., Steenstra, I. A., & Linton, S. J. (2013). The pain recovery inventory of concerns and expectations: A psychosocial screening instrument to identify intervention needs among patients at elevated risk of back disability. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 55(8), 885–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Disability ResearchLiberty Mutual Research Institute for SafetyHopkintonUSA
  2. 2.University of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA