Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Smoking Topography

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_101913-1



Smoking topography is a representation of the physical characteristics of smoking behavior, such as puff count, puff volume, average flow, puff duration, and interpuff interval.


An individual’s interaction with a substance (e.g., tobacco, marijuana) or object (e.g., pipe, e-cigarette) used for smoking is highly complex, multifaceted, and distinct. Smoking topography attributes have been found to be a function of sex, personality, stress level, nicotine yield, cigarette type (i.e., menthol versus non-menthol), ethnicity, and body mass index.

An array of subjective and objective methods exist to measure smoking topography, each differing in accuracy, precision, and feasibility. These include observation, self-report, cigarette weighing, expired carbon monoxide breath levels, and biomarkers (e.g., nicotine, cotinine, or thiocyanate). Specialized instruments (e.g., pressure transducers, flowmeters, and puff...


Nicotine Schizophrenia Carbon Monoxide Thiocyanate Cotinine 
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References and Further Readings

  1. Benowitz, N. L. (2001). Compensatory smoking of low-yield cigarettes. In National Cancer Institute (Ed.), Risks associated with smoking cigarettes with low machine-measured yields of tar and nicotine (pp. 39–64). Bethesda: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.Google Scholar
  2. De Jesus, S., Hsin, A., Faulkner, G., & Prapavessis, H. (2015). A systematic review and analysis of data reduction techniques for the CReSS smoking topography device. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 10, 12–28. doi:10.1017/jsc.2013.31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Shahab, L., West, R., & McNeill, A. (2008). The feasibility of measuring puffing behaviour in roll-your-own cigarette smokers. Tobacco Control, 17(Suppl I), i17–i23. doi:10.1136/tc.2007.021824.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health SciencesThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada