Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

Living Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Sigma Receptor (σR)

  • Colin G. Rousseaux
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6438-9_101870-1

Synonyms

Historical Background

Sigma receptors [σRs] are a relatively novel group of receptors originally discovered in the central nervous system [CNS] of mammals in 1976. They represent a ubiquitously expressed unique binding site in the CNS and other peripheral tissues. σRs are a member of the orphan receptor class for which no endogenous ligand was known until recently – dimethyltryptamine [DMT] (Fontanilla et al. 2009). They also bind with high affinity to several classes of chemically unrelated ligands such as neurosteroids, neuroleptics, dextrobenzomorphans, and several psychostimulants such as cocaine, methamphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, and methacathinone. Consequently, it is thought that the σR may mediate the immunosuppressant, antipsychotic, and neuroprotective effects of many drugs (Niitsu et al. 2012).

Historically, the σR was identified as one of the subtypes of opiate receptors, differentiated using a chronic spinal...

Keywords

Neuroactive Steroid Amino Acid Retention Cancer Chemotherapy Target Reduce Stroke Damage Basal Ganglion Outflow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada