Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Organizational Skills in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Stephen R. Hooper
  • Shakeia Burgin
  • Devon Hartford Redmond
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_935-3

Definition

Organizational skills are a set of techniques used by an individual to facilitate the efficiency of future-oriented learning, problem-solving, and task completion. Organization requires the integration of several elements to reach a planned goal. Dawson and Guare (2010) define organization as “the ability to design and maintain systems for keeping track of information or materials” (p. 1). The broader domain of executive functioning plays a large role in the development and execution of organizational skills. Executive functioning is the multifaceted construct used to describe higher order, goal-directed thinking involving planning, inhibition, flexibility, organized search, and working memory and is thought to be impaired in individuals with ASD (Gyori 2006). Organization can be considered a subcomponent of the larger executive function construct.

Evidence suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have deficits in executive functioning abilities. For...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen R. Hooper
    • 1
  • Shakeia Burgin
    • 2
  • Devon Hartford Redmond
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Allied Health Sciences, School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina-Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Department of Allied Health SciencesUniversity of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Child and Family DevelopmentCharlotteUSA