Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

The DIR Model (Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship Based): A Parent Mediated Mental Health Approach to Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Serena Wieder
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_615-3

Definition

The Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-Based model of intervention (DIR) provides a developmental framework for interdisciplinary assessment and parent-mediated intervention for autism spectrum and related disorders. This comprehensive model utilizes affect-based interactions and experiences tailored to individual differences to promote development. “D” refers to developmental capacities for shared attention and regulation, engagement across a wide range of emotions, two-way communication, and complex social problem solving which underlie the development of symbol formation, language, and intelligence. Intervention starts with pleasurable synchronous interactions between children and parents, the heart of relationships, which support progress. “I” refers to individual differences related to sensory reactivity and regulation, visual-spatial and auditory/language processing, and purposeful movement. Challenges in these neurobiological factors can make it...

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Profectum FoundationMendhamUSA