Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Overcorrection

  • David McAdamEmail author
  • Vicki Madaus Knapp
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_1305-3

Definition

Overcorrection is a behavioral intervention developed by applied behavior analysts and is based on the belief that the challenging behavior of persons with autism spectrum disorders are maintained by social factors (e.g., attention from other people, escape or avoidance from low-preference academic activities such as math) or nonsocial factors (e.g., sensory reinforcement). Overcorrection is a name given to a package of procedures that consists of two components (restitution and/or positive practice). Restitution consists of requiring the person displaying challenging behavior to correct their actions to a state that is vastly improved from what existed prior the occurrence of the challenging behavior, sometimes repeatedly. For example, if a child throws a toy truck at his or her teacher, they might be required to pick up the truck and then clean up the play area of their classroom. Positive practice consists of having an individual engage an adaptive behavior that is...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) ProgramAmherstUSA