Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Omission Training

  • Vicki Madaus KnappEmail author
  • David McAdam
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_1304-3



Omission training is a behavior-analytic term that refers to a form of punishment in which an event is withdrawn contingent on the occurrence of a target behavior (e.g., property destruction, aggression toward other people). In the behavior-analytic literature, omission training typically is considered to be negative or Type II punishment. Everyday examples of omission training include loss of privileges (e.g., having to leave the zoo early contingent on hitting your mom, loss of one’s driver’s license for getting too many speeding tickets). Time-out and response cost are the two most commonly used forms of omission training. Time-out is the removal of a positive event contingent on the occurrence of a challenging behavior. Response-cost is the removal of a specified amount of a positive reinforcer contingent on the occurrence of a challenging behavior (see “Time-out” and “Response Cost” entries for additional details).

See Also

  • Punishment

  • Time-out

  • Response-Cost

References and Reading

  1. Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied Behavior Analysis (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
  2. Foxx, R. M. (1982). Decreasing Behaviors of Severely Retarded and Autistic Persons. Champaign: Research Press.Google Scholar
  3. Kazdin, A. E. (2001). Behavior Modification in Applied Settings (6th ed.). Belmount: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Daemen CollegeAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA