Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Borderline Intellectual Functioning and Comprehensive Case Management

  • Cara G. Streit
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102240-1


Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is a little-known and little-utilized classification that has historically described individuals who have IQ scores below average but above an intellectual disability (ID). People with BIF may have adaptive functioning deficits similar to those experienced by people with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) but are often denied critical services that are available to people with ID diagnoses because their IQs scores are too high (Peltopuro et al. 2014).

Adults with borderline intellectual functioning, with or without autism, often require supports similar to those beneficial to people with mild ID. Comprehensive case management is a valuable and effective method of supporting adults with borderline intellectual functioning. Comprehensive case management involves a primary support professional or team of professionals working collaboratively to help individuals set, pursue, and attain goals for health, safety, employment,...

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References and Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Threshold ProgramLesley UniversityCambridgeUSA