Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Alexithymia

  • Sigvard LinghEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102035-2

Autism: Definition

The word autism comes from the Greek word “auto” and can be translated to selfish-ism. The autism spectrum is also called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or autism spectrum conditions (ASC), with the adjective autistic sometimes replacing the noun autism.

Categorization

Autism is a spectrum of psychological conditions characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication as well as restricted interests and repetitive behavior (http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Asperger-Syndrome). Asperger’s syndrome can be seen as a mild form of autism, and in DSM-5, Asperger’s was moved to sort under autism.

Natural History

Autism was first described in 1911 by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler (1857–1939) who mentioned, not too distinctly, two forms: schizophrenic autism and infantile autism. Both terms have been taken up by later psychiatrists and applied, confusingly, to a number of apparently different groups of disordered and socially isolated...

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Autistic Child Autistic Disorder Autism Spectrum Condition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UppsalaSweden