Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Chile and Autism

  • Patricio Fischman
  • Sonja Ziegler
  • Daniela Han
  • Ronit Fischman
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102024-1

Historical Background

The first initiatives providing help for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) in Chile were, as it is usually the case, spearheaded by parents of autistic children, whose initiatives founded many organizations that provide services to this day. The largest national support organization, ASPAUT, or the Chilean Association of Parents and Friends of Autistics, was founded in 1983 in Santiago. Today, the nonprofit organization has branches in five of Chile’s 15 regions, with 1,400 members nationwide. Its services include four schools, five family support groups, and one vocational training center. Though each location is associated by name, each operates as an independent entity.

Legal Issues, Mandates for Services

The department of special education of the Ministry of Education indicates that in 2009, 589 students diagnosed with autism were receiving educational services under the law Decreto Supremo N° 815/1990which guarantees special education services...

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Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors of this study acknowledge that during its preparation for publication, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition. (American Psychiatric Association 2013) was published, and acknowledge that under these new diagnostic guidelines, the definition of Autism and ASD has changed. However, the authors also acknowledge that when changes occur, the utilization of new diagnostic guidelines is a scientific and cultural process for both professionals and patients. Thusly, the authors chose to present the study’s data as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition, Text Revision (American Psychiatric Association 2000).

References and Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricio Fischman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sonja Ziegler
    • 3
  • Daniela Han
    • 2
  • Ronit Fischman
    • 4
  1. 1.Yale University Child Study CenterNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Private PracticeSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Marcus Autism Center, Emory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Child and Adolescent Psychologist, Private PracticeSantiagoChile