Nasal Obstruction in Neonates and Children

Living reference work entry


Nasal obstruction in the neonate may lead to serious consequences including respiratory distress or failure to thrive. While bilateral nasal obstruction often presents in the neonatal period, unilateral nasal obstruction may not present until much later in life, with chronic nasal drainage, skin irritation, and congestion (Gnagi and Schraff 2013).


Nasal Obstruction Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Nasolacrimal Duct Choanal Atresia Charge Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adil, E., Huntley, C., Chondhary, A., et al. (2012). Congenital nasal obstruction: Clinical and radiologic review. European Journal of Pediatrics, 171, 641–650.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bachelard-Serra, M., Chau, C., Farinnetti, A., et al. (2013). Prenatal diagnosis of congenital dacryocystocele. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 77, 847–849.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Beegun, R., Dua, S., Connor, R., et al. (2012). Prenatal diagnosis and management of a craniofacial glioma detected at 20 weeks’ gestation. Case report and review of the literature. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 41, 200–202.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bianchini, E., Zirpoli, S., Righini, A., et al. (2004). Magnetic resonance imaging in prenatal diagnosis of dacryocystoceles. Report of 3 cases. Journal Of Computer Assisted Tomography, 28, 422–427.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Brugger, P. C., Weber, M., & Prayer, D. (2010). Fetal resonance imaging of the fetal efferent lacrimal pathways. European Radiology, 20, 1965–1973.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. De Basio, P., Scarso, E., Prefumo, F., et al. (2006). Prenatal diagnosis of a nasal glioma in the mid trimester. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 27, 571–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Effat, K. G. (2005). Use of the automatic tympanometer as a screening tool for congenital choanal atresia. The Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 119, 125–128.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Gnagi, S. H., & Schraff, S. A. (2013). Nasal obstruction in newborns. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 60(903), 922.Google Scholar
  9. Grzegorczyk, V., Brasseur-Daudruy, M., Labadie, G., et al. (2010). Prenatal diagnosis of a nasal glioma. Pediatric Radiology, 40, 1706–1709.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gungor, A. A., & Reiersen, D. A. (2014). Balloon dilatation for congenital nasal piriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS): A novel conservative technique. American Journal of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery, 35(3), 439–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jaffe, B. F. (1981). Classification and management of anomalies of the nose. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 14, 989–1004.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Leonard, D. S., O’Keefe, M., Rowley, H., et al. (2008). Neonatal respiratory distress secondary to bilateral intranasal dacryocystoceles. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 72, 1873–1877.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Myer, C. M., III, & Cotton, R. T. (1983). Nasal obstruction in the pediatric patient. Pediatrics, 72, 766–777.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Okumura, M., Francisco, R. P. V., Lucato, L. T., et al. (2012). Prenatal detection and postnatal management of intranasal glioma. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 47, 1951–1954.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Peterson, R. A., & Robb, R. M. (1978). The natural course of congenital obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 15, 246–250.Google Scholar
  16. Ramsden, J. D., Campisi, P., & Forte, V. (2009). Choanal atresia and choanal stenosis. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 42, 339–352.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Roy, S., & Gungor, A. (2014). Pathology Quiz Case. Heterotopic neuroglial tissue (nasal glioma). Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 128, 721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tonni, G., Lituania, M., Bonasoni, M. P., et al. (2011). Prenatal ultrasound and histological diagnosis of fetal nasal glioma (heterotopic central nervous system tissue): Report of a new case and review of the literature. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 283(Suppl 1), S55–S59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Yazici, Z., Kline-Fath, B. M., Yazici, B., et al. (2010). Congenital dacryocystocele: Prenatal MRI findings. Pediatric Radiology, 40, 1868–1873.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Perinatal and Clinical Genetics, Department of PediatricsLSU Health Sciences CenterShreveportUSA

Personalised recommendations