Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Terrestrial Vertebrate Animal Metagenomics: Non-domesticated Ursidae, Panda

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_9-1



As a bamboo-eating mammalian species in the “bear” family Ursidae, the giant panda holds a unique place in the evolution of mammals. This review covers our present knowledge of the structural and functional characteristics of its fecal microbiota.


The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is endemic to Western China. Unfortunately, it becomes one of the most endangered mammals, due in part to its low fecundity rate, low nutrition intake efficiency, as well as anthropogenic activities that have negatively affected its population for 3,000 years (Zhao et al. 2013). The latest molecular census of its population size suggests that there are only 2,500–3,000 giant pandas living at present in the wild (Zhan et al. 2006), and only a handful of geographically isolated populations are retained in several small mountains on the edge of the Tibetan Plateau...


Giant Panda Phylogenetic Composition Hemicellulase Gene Glycoside Hydrolase Gene Radial Sesamoid 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, School of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina