Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Caves Biofilm Metagenomics

  • Natuschka Lee
  • Wolfang Liebl
  • Annette S. Engel
  • Megan Porter
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_718-2

Synonyms

Definition

Cave biofilms are biofilms or microbial mats that flourish in natural or anthropogenic cave settings. A biofilm is a three-dimensional assemblage of microbial communities that are embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances adhered to a surface. Depending on the geochemical and geological setting of a cave, biofilms comprised of variable microbial community compositions and metabolic processes can profoundly impact the speleogenetic history of a cave and the overall ecology of the cave setting.

Introduction

Caves are natural, solutionally or collapse-enlarged openings that form in rock, including but not limited to limestone, granite, lava, salt, or even ice. Caves are widely distributed geographically and can offer portals into different types of extreme, “dark life” habitats, such as the...

Keywords

Zinc Methane Sulfide Manganese Geochemistry 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natuschka Lee
    • 1
  • Wolfang Liebl
    • 2
  • Annette S. Engel
    • 3
  • Megan Porter
    • 4
  1. 1.Lab Microbial Systems Ecology/Department of MicrobiologyTechnische Universität MünchenFreising/MunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyTechnische Universität MünchenFreising/MunichGermany
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of South DakotaVermillionUSA