Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Rivers, Metagenomics of

  • Rohit Ghai
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_41-2

Synonyms

Definition

Freshwater habitats, especially rivers, are vital components of terrestrial ecosystems, supporting life much beyond their natural spread. Outside the ocean, nearly all life depends upon the availability of freshwater. River systems have been in the past the cradles of civilization, and with increasing population pressures on this limited resource, they cannot remain unaffected by the demands of human growth that force change and steadily shift the ecology of these natural resources away from their pristine states. It may come as a surprise to many, but most of the important microbiota of freshwater ecosystems that have resisted cultivation efforts are only now being fully discovered due to the advances in sequencing technologies.

Introduction

The technique of pure culture, developed in the late nineteenth century, through the pioneering work done by Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch, and Ferdinand Cohn, has been...

Keywords

Metagenomic Data Metagenomic Dataset Ammonia Monooxygenase Microbial World Amazon River Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Producción Vegetal y MicrobiologíaEvolutionary Genomics Group, Universidad Miguel HernándezSan Juan de AlicanteSpain