Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Experimental Metagenomics: Influence of Pulses of Carbon Dioxide on Kelp Forest Microbial Ecology

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_137-3

Definition

Microbial ecology is the quantitative and qualitative study of microbes in the environment as a result from various biotic and/or abiotic conditions. By studying microbial diversity and function, the natural roles of microbes in an ecosystem and the effects of anthropogenic perturbations can be described.

Kelp Biology

Algae are defined as aquatic, photosynthetic, unicellular or multicellular eukaryotes that lack vascular organs, as seen in plants. Algae are major habitat builders and energy providers in marine environments, and they are important in sequestering atmospheric carbon dioxide. Algae belong to a polyphylogenetic group called chromists which differ from plants in that they contain extra photosynthetic pigments and do not store energy as starch, but instead form laminarin by building chains of mannitol and glucose. There are five phyla including Euglenophyta (euglenoids), Chrysophyta (diatoms), Pyrrophyta (dinoflagellates), Chlorophyta (green algae), Phaeophyta...

Keywords

Microbial Community Kelp Forest Ambient Carbon Dioxide Macrocystis Pyrifera Phlorotannin Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology DepartmentSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA