Biological Treasure Metagenome
Given that the possibility and frequency of finding novel genes, enzymes, and metabolites through conventional pure culture technology are decreasing gradually, exploration of resources hidden in the metagenome as a treasure of new resources is expected to provide a new breakthrough. The metagenome is currently the most promising candidate for exploring new biological resources, and therefore there will be continuous efforts for refining strategies and developing new protocols. Through research using the metagenome, we can measure microbial diversity, understand ecosystems through a window into the microbial genome contents in a specific environmental habitat and explore useful resources, and then ultimately incorporate them into the process of practical uses.
The coming of a new era – the “metagenome age” – that accesses the genomes of all microbes retrieved directly from environmental samples...