Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Bacterial Diversity in Tree Canopies of the Atlantic Forest

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_119-1

Synonyms

Definition

16S rRNA gene profiling is one of the main approaches used for the study of microbial communities that are associated with plants and animals, which are mostly comprised of species unable to grow under laboratory conditions. Even though plants harbor an enormous microbial diversity on their various surfaces, the functions of these microorganisms, except for a few that are pathogens or symbionts, are largely unknown, but are speculated to modify plant chemical signals, alter root exudation patterns, and provide protection against pathogens. Understanding of the factors that shape the structure of microbial communities, and the functions of microorganisms that are associated with plants, will likely be essential for establishing conservation strategies for protecting endangered plant species. The large reservoir of microbial diversity on plant surfaces also represents a largely untapped bank of microbial...

Keywords

Sugar Dust Agar Carbohydrate Electrophoresis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ)University of São Paulo (USP)PiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Enviromental SciencesUniversity of California, RiversideRiversideUSA