Use of Astronomical Principles in Indian Temple Architecture

  • B. S. Shylaja
Reference work entry


Temples, identified as places of worship, served an important role in building religious tradition and culture in Indian society. Many of them are known to have astronomical elements incorporated in their architecture to facilitate their role in timekeeping and calendar making. In this chapter, we present examples of the use of astronomy in temple architecture.


Religious Tradition Summer Solstice Cardinal Point Winter Solstice Temple Architecture 
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I would like to thank Dr. KR Ganesh and Dr Srivatsa Vati for their valuable discussions; Ms. KG Geetha for her assistance in field work; Mr Nagaraj Vastarey and his team from BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, for providing Urban Infill: An Attitude, a 1990 thesis report submitted for a B.Arch. degree at Bangalore University and project report submitted to INTACH, Bangalore Chapter, Bangalore; and (late) Prof. R Balasubramaniam for helpful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jawaharlal Nehru PlanetariumBangaloreIndia

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