Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2014 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Emotional Intelligence

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_836

Emotional intelligence is a relatively recent term that has significant implications for understanding religious experience and faith. Before defining emotional intelligence and explaining its relevance to religious faith, it is important to first set the stage by offering a brief definition of the term emotion and an overview of how it has been understood and used in philosophical and theological thought, as well as in the human sciences.

Defining Emotions

There is considerable debate among researchers, psychologists, and philosophers about what emotions are and how they differ from feelings, sentiments, and moods (see Frijda 2000). “Some researchers,” report Parrot and Spackman, “conceive of emotion in an undifferentiated manner, investigating the effects of overall arousal, excitement, agitation, or drive without any distinguishing among different types of emotional states. Others treat emotional states as varying along two or more continuous dimensions, such as arousal and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Darwin, C. (1972). The expression of emotions in man and animals. New York: Appleton.Google Scholar
  2. Ekman, P. (2003). Emotions revealed. New York: Owl Books.Google Scholar
  3. Emmons, R. (2000). Is spirituality an intelligence? International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10, 3–26.Google Scholar
  4. Fiumara, G. C. (2001). The mind’s affective life. New York: Routledge Press.Google Scholar
  5. Frijda, N. (2000). The psychologist’s point of view. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), The handbook of emotions (pp. 59–74). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  6. Furtak, R. (2005). Wisdom in love: Kierkegaard and the ancient quest for emotional integrity. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
  7. Goleman, D. (1997). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  8. Goleman, D. (2004). Destructive emotions. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  9. Jacobson, E. (1957). Normal and pathological moods. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 12, 73–113.Google Scholar
  10. James, W. (1884). What is an emotion? Mind, 9, 188–205.Google Scholar
  11. James, W. (1958). Varieties of religious experience. New York: Signet.Google Scholar
  12. Lyon, K. B. (2004). Faith and development in late adulthood. In F. Kelcourse (Ed.), Human development and faith (pp. 269–284). St. Louis: Chalice Press.Google Scholar
  13. Macmurray, J. (1992). Reason and emotion. New York: Humanity Books.Google Scholar
  14. Parrot, G., & Spackman, M. (2000). Emotion and memory. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), The handbook of emotions (pp. 476–490). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  15. Reich, H. (2003). Cognitive preconditions for religious development. In P. Ralph (Ed.), Research in the social scientific study of religion (pp. 1–32). New York: Brill.Google Scholar
  16. Roose, S., & Glick, R. (1995). Anxiety as symptom and signal. Hillsdale: Analytic Press.Google Scholar
  17. Shore, A. (2003). Affect regulation and the repair of the self. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  18. Solomon, R. (2000). The philosophy of emotions. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), The handbook of emotions (pp. 3–15). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  19. Sorabji, R. (2000). Emotion and peace of mind: From stoic agitation to Christian temptation. Oxford, UK: University of Oxford Press.Google Scholar
  20. Taylor, G., Parker, J., & Bagby, M. (1999). Emotional intelligence and the emotional brain. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 27, 339–354.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pastoral Care and CounselingSt. Meinrad School of TheologySt. MeinradUSA