In Christianity, Judas Iscariot is one of the 12 apostles who betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver. His name, Judas (Ioudas), is the Greek form of Judah, the southern territory of Palestine (renamed Judea by the Romans). The inhabitants of Judah were the Judahites (later abbreviated as “Jews”), and thus Judas’ name is equated with the Jews. The name “Iscariot” is subjected to two different interpretations. The first is that it means “Man of Kerioth,” a city in Judah (Joshua 15:25), which would be significant because it would present Judas as an outsider, a man who was different from the 11 Galileans. A second suggestion is that “Iscariot” derives from the Greek “sicarri,” a sect of the Zealots who took up arms (daggers) against the Romans. Whichever interpretation is preferred, Judas’ name is synonymous with betrayal; to call someone a “Judas” is to express contempt for the duplicitous behavior of that person.
Judas in the Bible
In the Old Testament, Judah was the son of...
- Durling, R. M. (Ed.). (1997). The divine comedy of Dante Alighieri (Vol. 1). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1976). Two lies told by children. In The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (1st ed., Vol. 12). New York, NY: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
- Irenaeus. (1994). Against heresies. In A. Roberts & J. Donaldson (Eds.), Ante-Nicean fathers: The apostolic fathers, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus (Vol. 1). Boston, MA: Hendrickns.Google Scholar
- Jung, C. G. (1956). Collected works (Vol. 5). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Klassen, W. (2004). Judas: Betrayer or friend of Jesus. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress.Google Scholar
- New American Bible.Google Scholar