Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2014 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming


  • Joe CambrayEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_202

In contradistinction to psychoanalytic theories and methods that are essentially reductive in nature, Jung’s approach attends to the whole person. The integration of the personality is the central feature of Jung’s view of psychological health and maturation. His notion of individuation involves a lifelong dialectic process between conscious and unconscious dimensions of the personality. This goes beyond ego adaptation to reality as the goal of psychological development found in other schools of analysis but requires ongoing examination and even struggle with whatever aspects of one’s personality are activated by inner and outer experiences in life. Over the long term, this results in a decentering of the personality with regard to the ego together with the emergence of a new center, the self, which includes transpersonal dimensions. The self is envisioned by Jung to encompass the whole of the personality, conscious and unconscious, personal and collective; it is center and...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Association for Analytical PsychologyProvidenceUSA