Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2014 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Allah, The Concept of

  • Naji Abi-Hashem
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_1001
The word Allah is simply the equivalent of the word God in the Arabic language. It is not an exclusively Islamic or Christian or Jewish term, but rather a Semitic name. Actually, the translation of the biblical scriptures into Arabic mainly uses the word el-Rab for the Lord and the word Allah for God. For example, the first sentence of the book of Genesis reads, Feel Bad’ee Khalaka Allahu el-Samawatti wa el-Ard – In the Beginning God Created the Heavens and the Earth (Genesis 1.1). The expression Allahu Akbar (God is greater) is a common phrase, frequently repeated by practicing Muslims in daily life and especially in the call to prayer, to emphasize the greatness and transcendence of God (referred to as takbeer). Similarly, the Fatiha is used as an opening invocation or citation in the Islamic tradition, Bismil Laahi el-Rahmaan el-Raheem, meaning “In the Name of God, the most Gracious, the most Merciful.” Therefore, Allah in Arabic is the synonym of the official name of God in other...
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Independent ScholarSeattleUSA, and Beirut, Lebanon