Renewable Energy Systems

2013 Edition
| Editors: Martin Kaltschmitt, Nickolas J. Themelis, Lucien Y. Bronicki, Lennart Söder, Luis A. Vega

Wind Power Balancing

  • Lennart Söder
  • Hannele Holttinen
Reference work entry

Definition of the Subject

Wind power balancing considers the challenge to keep a continuous balance between total production and total consumption in a power system. The varying wind speed introduces special considerations concerning how to keep this balance in an efficient way. This article is mainly focused on wind power as a part of a larger power system.


In a power system there is always a challenge to keep the balance between total production and total consumption. This challenge has existed ever since the first power systems were installed more than 100 years ago. Since 1970 the amount of wind power has grown from a marginal source to levels of more than 50% during some situations in certain parts of some systems. This increase is expected to continue, which means new challenges and requirement of new methods to keep the requested balance in an efficient way.

This chapter provides an overview about the challenges that are faced with the integration of large-scale...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Institute of Technology, Electric Power SystemsStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Technical Research Centre of Finland VTTVTTFinland