Renewable Energy Systems

2013 Edition
| Editors: Martin Kaltschmitt, Nickolas J. Themelis, Lucien Y. Bronicki, Lennart Söder, Luis A. Vega

Waste-to-Energy Facilities as Power Plants

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5820-3_399

Definition of the Subject

This entry describes the history of WTE and technological developments with regard to increasing the energy efficiency of this process, and ways to assess energy efficiency.

In the history, four distinct stages are described involving improvements on the combustion system, flue gas cleaning, and energy efficiency.

An overview of options to improve energy efficiency is given, with the technical limitations to raise steam parameters, resulting efficiencies, and ways to evaluate the energy performance of WTE installations.

Introduction

Over the last century, Waste to Energy was developed in a few distinct stages. Originally, the objective was to manage urban wastes in order to avoid the spread of diseases. In the second stage, reduction of smoke issuing from the stack became the point of attention. Later, discovery of the effects of invisible pollutants, such as volatile metals and dioxins, in the stack gases led to important advancements of the air pollution...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Berlo MAJ, van en Wandschneider Jörn (2003) High efficiency waste-to-energy concept [Sectie van boek]//Municipal solid waste management, strategies and technologies for sustainable solutions/boekaut. Christian Ludwich, Hellweg Stefanie en Stucki Samuel. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. ISBN 3-540-44100-XGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Erbrink H et al. (2001) Analysis of energy efficiency definitions for policy making (in Dutch) [Boek]. NOVEM/KEMA, Utrecht, publicatiecentrum@novem.nl. - Reportnr: 2EWAB01.03Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tebert C (2006) The energy efficiency formula of annex ii of the waste framework directive: a critical review. [Rapport] = R1/D10 formula Review/Ökopol gmbh, Institute for environmental strategies – [sl] : Ökopol. http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/20060630-Okopol-Brief-on-MSWI-efficiency-formula-v5-final.pdf
  4. 4.
    Murer MJ et al. (2009) Comparison of energy efficiency indicators for energy-from-waste plants [Conferentie]/Internatonal waste management and landfill symposium, Sardinia: [sn], vol 12Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Murer MJ et al. (2010) Exergetic analysis of heat transfer and efficiency in Efw plants [Conferentie]/Third international symposium on energy from biomass and waste. CISA, Environmental Sanitary Engineering Centre, Venice, Italy, vol 2010Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berlo MAJ, van en Waart Harry de (2008) Unleashing the power in waste, Comparison of greenhouse gas and other performance indicators for waste-to-energy concepts and landfilling [Conferentie] = Unleashing the power in waste//North American waste-to-energy conference. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: NAWTEC, 2008. vol 16, p 16, NAWTEC16-1937Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    EU – JRC (2007) Environmental assessment of municipal waste management scenarios: Part II – Detailed life cycle assessments [Rapport] = JRC 41241/EUR 23021 EN/2/Institute for environment and sustainability. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy. p 182 - http://www.jrc.ec.europa.eu. ISBN 978-92-79-07450-9

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Free University of Amsterdam and AEB-AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands