Renewable Energy Systems

2013 Edition
| Editors: Martin Kaltschmitt, Nickolas J. Themelis, Lucien Y. Bronicki, Lennart Söder, Luis A. Vega

Wind Turbine Noise Emissions

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5820-3_376

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Wind turbines generate sound. Mainly this sound source is of aeroacoustic origin as improved sound insulation of the nacelles has reduced the mechanical sound sources. Unwanted sound is called noise and is a major factor when assessing nuisance caused by wind turbines. The increasing height of wind turbines has led to better possibilities to harvest wind at higher altitudes but has also contributed to increased noise levels in stable atmospheric conditions when the sound is easily transmitted due to a high wind speed gradient. Rapid development of large wind farms in rural, earlier unexploited, areas could cause large acceptance problems for nearby residents if noise is not properly considered in the development process. Several epidemiological studies have shown noise is the most prominent annoyance and show strong interdependence to visibility and lack of economic incentive from wind power.

Introduction

Wind turbines symbolize the hopes...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KTH Royal Institute of Technology, KTH-The Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory for Sound and Vibration ResearchStockholmSweden