Sustainable Food Production

2013 Edition
| Editors: Paul Christou, Roxana Savin, Barry A. Costa-Pierce, Ignacy Misztal, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw

Animal Breeding, Long-Term Challenges

  • Peer Berg
Reference work entry

Definition of the Subject

A major long-term challenge of animal breeding is to ensure that animal breeding is sustainable, in order to contribute to a stable long-term contribution of food for the globe. The need to address sustainability in animal breeding schemes has increased as the development in the last decades has been toward larger demands for food, fewer breeds contributing to the production of animal products, low effective population sizes despite the actual populations being large, and a decreasing number of breeding schemes providing the majority of the genetics underlying production of animal products.

The FAO report on The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture [1] indicates that the vast majority of developing countries have not been successful in sustaining genetic improvement in their livestock populations. Among the breeds considered to be in active use, 77% are located in developing countries. Animal genetic resources for food and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural SciencesAarhus UniversityTjeleDenmark