Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Homegrown Terrorism in the United States

  • Joshua D. Freilich
  • Steven M. Chermak
  • Roberta Belli
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_93

Synonyms

Overview

This entry focuses on homegrown terrorism in the United States. There are many terrorism definitions. Indeed, Schmid and Jongman (1988) identified over 100 definitions that differed over whether they included 1 of 22 elements. Nonetheless, Freilich et al. (2009a, b) demonstrate that almost all definitions require a violent, ideologically motivated illegal act committed by a political extremist, and this definition is used here. The Congressional Research Service (Bjelopera and Randol 2010, p. 1) defines homegrown terrorism as a “terrorist activity or plots perpetuated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, permanent legal residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States.”

A review of the empirical literature demonstrates that homegrown terrorists currently pose a threat to public safety. These threats are dynamic however and change over time. In addition, policy...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua D. Freilich
    • 1
    • 3
  • Steven M. Chermak
    • 2
    • 4
  • Roberta Belli
    • 5
  1. 1.Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.National Consortium for the Studies of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)New YorkUSA
  4. 4.National Consortium for the Studies of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  5. 5.UNDSS Somalia SIOCSpringette, Spring ValleyKenya