Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

History of Geographic Criminology Part I: Nineteenth Century

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_649



Criminologists have had a long enduring interest in the geography of crime and the explanation of spatial variations of crimes and offenders. In this entry, we describe the first century of empirical research starting in Europe in the late 20s and early 30s in Europe, especially in Belgium and France and in England (London). These studies contain the first analyses of registered figures on crime and prisoners. The results were also displayed on maps. There existed a vivid discussion between mathematicians, statisticians, and politicians during several meetings in London. The unit of analyses was in the beginning larger administrative areas and countries. The research agenda was inspired by new administrative data that became available in France in 1825 and by the political...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR)AmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Criminology, Law and SocietyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  4. 4.Faculty of LawThe Hebrew University, Mt. ScopusJerusalemIsrael