Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Motorcycle Clubs or Gangs?

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_645

Synonyms

Overview

Motorcycle clubs, that is, voluntary social organizations based on a common love of motorcycles and riding together, formed in the early 1900s. However, by the 1930s groups of displaced young men riding motorcycle grouped together in what were nascent gangs. These nascent gangs evolved into outlaw bikers and then into a subculture of bikers known as One Percenters aka Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs. The One Percenters evolved into motorcycle gangs more into crime for profit than a common love of motorcycles and riding together. Today, these Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs are national and international criminal organizations.

Are motorcycle clubs really clubs, that is, voluntary social organization built around the love of motorcycles, or criminal gangs whose members happen to ride motorcycles? There is no easy answer: some are and some are not. Some well-known...

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Recommended Reading and References

  1. Barger R, Zimmerman K (2000) Hell’s Angels: the life and times of Sonny Barger and the Hell’s Angels Motorcycle Club. William Morrow, New YorkGoogle Scholar
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  3. Davidson WG (2002) 100 years of Harley-Davidson. Bulfinch Press, Boston, p 2Google Scholar
  4. DOJ (2011) Motorcycle gangs. U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.justice.Gov,criminal/oggs/gangs/motorcycleGoogle Scholar
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  13. Wethern G, Colnett V (1978) A wayward angel. Richard Marek, New YorkGoogle Scholar
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  15. Winterhalder E, De Clerco W (2008) The assimilation: rock machine become bandidos – bikers against the Hells Angels. ECW Press, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  16. Wolf DR (1999) The rebels: a brotherhood of outlaw bikers. University of Toronto Press, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  17. Yates B (1999) Outlaw machine: Harley-Davidson and the search for the American soul. Broadway Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Criminal Justice, College of Justice and SafetyEastern Kentucky UniversityRichmondUSA