Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

History of Organized Crime in Mexico

  • Elaine Carey
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_625

Overview

Due to Mexico’s 1,969-mile-long shared border with the United States, transnational organized crime networks have long existed. Moreover, Mexican organized crime has long been tied to its modern political system. In fact, the Mexico’s modern political system emerged alongside the rise of organized crime. This entry examines the century-long organized crime from the period of the Mexican Revolution (1910–1921) to the present.

Guns and Drugs: The Mexican Revolution

Organized crime in Mexico is as diverse as in the United States because of Mexico’s proximity to the United States and due to the flows of people from other parts of the world to Mexico during the nineteenth and twentieth century. In Mexico, Chinese organized crime has played a role since the 1800s. With the passage of the US Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, Chinese migrants sought to gain entry into Mexico in order to pass through its unpatrolled border. Chinese tongs operated in Mexico beginning in the 1800s. Even...

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Recommended Reading and References

  1. Abadinsky H (2010) Organized crime. Cengage Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Andreas P (2006) Border games: policing the U.S.-Mexico divide. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  3. Andreas P, Nadelmann E (2006) Policing the globe: criminalization and crime control in international relations. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Astorga L (2003) Drogas sin fronteras: los expedientes de una guerra permanente. Grijaldo, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  5. Astorga L (2005) El siglo de las drogas: el narcotráfico, del porfiriato al nuevo milenio. Plaza y Janés, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  6. Bailey J, Godson R (eds) (2000) Organized crime and democratic governability: Mexico and the U.S.-Mexican borderlands. University of Pittsburgh Press, PittsburghGoogle Scholar
  7. Campbell H (2008) Female drug smugglers on the US-Mexico border: gender, crime, and empowerment. Anthropol Q 1(1):233–267Google Scholar
  8. Campbell H (2009) Drug war zone. University of Texas Press, AustinGoogle Scholar
  9. Carey E, Marak A (eds) (2011) Smugglers, brothels, and twine: historical perspectives on contraband and vice in North America’s borderlands. The University of Arizona Press, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  10. Carey E (forthcoming) Selling is more of a habit: women and drug trafficking, 1900 to 1980. University of New Mexico Press, AlbuquerqueGoogle Scholar
  11. Chao Romero R (2010) The Chinese in Mexico, 1882–1940. University of Arizona Press, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  12. Kenny P, Serrano M (eds) (2012) Mexico’s security failures: collapse into criminal violence. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Quintana A (2010) Maximino Avila Camacho and the One-Party State. Lexington Books, Lantham, MDGoogle Scholar
  14. Walker W III (1996) Drugs in the western hemisphere: an odyssey of cultures in conflict. Scholarly Resources Press, WilmingtonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistorySt. John’s UniversityQueensUSA