Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

History of Restorative Justice

  • Karen Heetderks Strong
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_472


In the final decades of the twentieth century, an approach to criminal justice, called restorative justice, emerged in response to concerns about offender recidivism, corrections costs, and crime victims’ rights, along with encouraging outcomes in the use of victim-offender dialogue and restitution. Rather than defining criminal justice in terms of prosecution and punishment only, restorative justice focused on identifying and repairing the harms caused by criminal acts, holding offenders accountable for making things right with those harmed, and empowering victims and communities to participate in the response. In addition, restorative justice considered the proper roles and responsibilities of both government and communities for a just society.

Roots of Restorative Justice

Much modern legal structure and popular thinking about criminal justice views crime as if the government and its law are the injured parties. Violation of a government-imposed law calls forth a series of...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Heetderks Strong

There are no affiliations available