Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Human Rights Violations in Criminal Court

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_392

Synonyms

Overview

Grave violations of human rights have become increasingly criminalized in recent decades. Chances that perpetrators will be charged in criminal courts, including international criminal courts, have grown. These developments culminated in the creation of the first permanent international criminal court, the International Criminal Court in 2002. This entry first provides a summary of the history of criminal justice intervention against perpetrators of human rights crimes. A brief discussion follows concerning the societal conditions that advanced this trend. A further section examines challenges of criminal justice intervention against human rights violators and issues of debate: the building of functioning international criminal courts, their institutional incentives and constraints, the scope of their jurisdiction, the question of individual versus collective...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Recommended Reading and References

  1. Alexander J et al (2004) Cultural trauma and collective identity. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  2. Bass GJ (2000) Stay the hand of vengeance: the politics of war crimes tribunals. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  3. Hagan J (2003) Justice in the Balkans. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  4. Hagan J, Levi R (2007) Justiciability as field effect: when sociology meets human rights. Sociol Forum 22(3):372–84Google Scholar
  5. Hayner PB (2001) Unspeakable truths: confronting state terror and atrocities. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Heberer P, Matthäus J (eds) (2008) Atrocities on trial. University of Nebraska Press, LincolnGoogle Scholar
  7. Keck ME, Sikkink K (1998) Activists without borders. Cornell, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  8. Landsman S (2005) Crimes of the holocaust: the law confronts hard cases. University of Pennsylvania Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  9. Meierhenrich J (2006) Conspiracy in international law. Annu Rev Law Soc Sci 2:341–57Google Scholar
  10. Meyerstein A (2007) Between law and culture: Rwanda’s Gacaca and postcolonial legality. Law & Social Inquiry 32(2):467–508Google Scholar
  11. Minow M (1998) Between vengeance and forgiveness: facing history after genocide and mass violence. Beacon, BostonGoogle Scholar
  12. Osiel MJ (1997) Mass atrocities, collective memory, and the law. Transaction Publishers, New BrunswickGoogle Scholar
  13. Roht-Arriaza N (2005) The Pinochet effect: transnational justice in the age of human rights. University of Pennsylvania Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  14. Savelsberg JJ (2010) Crime and human rights: criminology of genocide and atrocities. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Savelsberg JJ, King RD (2011) American memories: atrocities and the law. Russell Sage, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Schabas WA (2007) An introduction to the international criminal court. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  17. Sikkink K (2011) The justice cascade: how human rights prosecutions change world politics. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Snyder J, Vinjamuri L (2003/2004) Trials and errors: principle and pragmatism in strategies of international justice. Int Security 28:5–44Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA