Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Health Issues in Prison Reentry Models

  • Dora M. Dumont
  • Landon B. Kuester
  • Josiah D. Rich
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_337


Incarceration has been used all too often as a solution for shortcomings in health and other social services. Medical and public health researchers are among those recommending that correctional facilities be used as a venue to improve individual and population health, since correctional facilities serve as health-care providers of last resort for the medically underserved (Freudenberg 2001; Rich et al. 2011). Reentry likewise constitutes a public health opportunity that is both often lost and problematic. Prison and jail inmates confront a range of challenges upon reentry into the community. The incarcerated carry a higher disease burden than the general population, and their health status and health care upon reentry have significant repercussions not only for their own post-incarceration lives but for public health as well. Correctional facilities can both serve as sentinels for the health of a disadvantaged population and implement care and transition services that ensure...

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Dr. Rich’s work was supported by the following NIH grants: NIDA K24DA022112, NIH/CFAR P30-AI-42853, NIDA R01DA030778, and NIDA R01DA027211.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dora M. Dumont
    • 1
  • Landon B. Kuester
    • 2
  • Josiah D. Rich
    • 3
  1. 1.The Center for Prisoner Health and Human RightsThe Miriam Hospital/Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Centre for Research on Drugs and Health BehaviorLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK
  3. 3.The Center for Prisoner Health and Human RightsThe Miriam Hospital/Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA