Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Mortality After Release from Prison

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_332

Overview

Studies from Europe, Australia, the United States and Taiwan have shown that the rate of mortality in ex-prisoners is elevated in the weeks immediately following release, compared with subsequent weeks. These studies have also shown that mortality rates in ex-prisoners remain elevated, compared with the non-institutionalized population, for many years post-release. Several mechanisms have been hypothesized to explain the elevated risk and a key debate relates to the relative contribution of incarceration itself and the high level of underlying risk among former inmates. Preventive efforts need further development and evaluation, and methodological limitations hinder synthesis of the literature.

Introduction

Correctional services have a duty of care to prisoners in their charge, and in most jurisdictions, deaths in custody are closely monitored (Curnow and Larsen 2009; Noonan 2010). In Australia for example, deaths in police custody and in prison are routinely monitored and...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Melbourne School of Population and Global HealthThe University of Melbourne and School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.School of MedicineThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Division of General Internal Medicine and Division of Substance DependenceUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA
  4. 4.Denver Health Medical CenterDenverUSA