Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Mentally Disordered Offenders Under Community Supervision

  • Sarah M. Manchak
  • Jennifer Eno Louden
  • Jennifer L. Skeem
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_33



Offenders with serious mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar, major depression) are overrepresented in criminal justice settings. Most offenders – both with and without mental illness – are not incarcerated but instead are supervised in the community on probation and parole. Offenders with serious mental illness are more likely to fail on community supervision than their relatively healthy counterparts. With a focus on community supervision in North America, this entry distills research on (1) explanations for why offenders with mental illness are at increased risk for supervision failure and (2) promising- and evidence-based practices for reducing this risk.

Statement of the Problem

Overrepresentation of Offenders with Mental Illness

Of the 7.2 million people under correctional supervision (Bureau of Justice Statistics 2011), nearly one-sixth have a serious mental illness (SMI; Fazel and Danesh 2002). Disorders...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah M. Manchak
    • 1
  • Jennifer Eno Louden
    • 2
  • Jennifer L. Skeem
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.The University of Texas at El PasoEl PasoUSA
  3. 3.University of California, IrvineIrvineUSA