Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Measuring Crime Specializations and Concentrations

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_298

Overview

Research on crime at places is a rapidly growing literature. Though Eck and Weisburd (1995) coined the term “crime at places,” the starting point of this literature was Sherman et al. (1989) in a microspatial analysis of predatory crime in Minneapolis. This research area finds that calls for police service are highly concentrated in very few places: 50 % of calls for police service are generated from 5 % of street segments (or less), particularly when one considers detailed crime classifications (Sherman et al. 1989; Andresen and Malleson 2011). Moreover, research has shown that spatial crime patterns at microspatial units of analysis vary significantly across crime classifications (Andresen and Malleson 2011). Because of this consistency, Weisburd et al. (2012) put forth the Law of Crime Concentrations.

One implication from this research is that opportunity surfaces for different crimes, though they may overlap, are different – the opportunity surface for a crime is the...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of CriminologyInstitute for Canadian Urban Research Studies, Simon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada