Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

History of Fines

  • Tomer Einat
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_275


Criminal fines are monetary penalties paid to the state by offenders (Hillsman 1992). This sanction has several advantages over other types of penalties (Hillsman 1988; Zender 2004: 206). For one, it incorporates the penal functions of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation (Ashworth 2000). In addition, the amount of the fine can be tailored to the seriousness of the particular crime and to the specific individual’s criminal history and resources (Uglow 1995). Furthermore, it allows the offender to remain in the community, maintain economic and social bonds (Radzinowicz and Hood 1996), and avoid secondary effects of incarceration, such as loss of employment and forcing dependents to rely on public assistance (Ruback and Bergstorm 2006). Moreover, the criminal fine is inexpensive to administer and can be enforced by existing criminal agencies (Klein 1998). Finally, criminal fines provide income for the state (Einat 2008).

Accordingly, it shouldn’t be a surprise that the...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael