Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Hot Spots and Place-Based Policing

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_264

Overview

Over the past two decades, a series of rigorous evaluations have suggested that police can be effective in addressing crime and disorder when they focus in on small units of geography with high rates of crime (see Braga et al. in press; National Research Council [NRC] 2004; Weisburd and Eck 2004). These areas are typically referred to as hot spots, and policing strategies and tactics focused on these areas are usually referred to as hot spots policing or place-based policing. This place-based focus stands in contrast to traditional notions of policing and crime prevention more generally, which have often focused primarily on people (see Weisburd 2008). For example, police work often begins with a response to citizens who call the police, and police are very focused on identifying and arresting offenders who commit crimes. While hot spots policing does not ignore the offenders found within crime hot spots, the focus is very much on the places where crime is occurring.

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Recommended Reading and References

  1. Braga AA (2007) The effects of hot spots policing on crime. Campbell collaboration systematic review final report. http://campbellcollaboration.org/lib/download/118/. Accessed 15 Apr 2012
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  31. Weisburd D, Bushway S, Lum C, Yang S-M (2004) Trajectories of crime at places: a longitudinal study of street segments in the city of Seattle. Criminology 42:283–321Google Scholar
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  33. Weisburd D, Hinkle JC, Famega C, Ready J (2011) The possible “backfire” effects of hot spots policing: an experimental assessment of impacts on legitimacy, fear and collective efficacy. J Exp Criminol 7:297–320Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeArizona State UniversityPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.Department of Criminology, Law and SocietyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of LawThe Hebrew UniversityMt. ScopusIsrael