Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Measuring Police Unit Performance

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_189

Overview

Although police performance measurement has gotten increased attention in recent decades (Shane 2007; Fleming and Scott 2008; Davis 2012), it has been a longstanding concern of scholars and policy makers (Lind and Lipsky 1971; Parks 1971). The ability to measure how well the police are performing is central to notions of police effectiveness, accountability, reform, and the current emphasis on evidence-based policing. Without accurate performance measurement, aspirations toward implementation of strategic policing, scientific policing, and a new approach to police professionalism (Weisburd and Neyroud 2011; Stone and Travis 2011) are mostly rhetoric, not reality.
Table 1

Unit measures for a police district or precinct

Dimension

District/Precinct measures

Reduce crime

 Reported violent crime per 100,000 population

Reported property crime per 100,000 population

Hold offenders accountable

 Clearance rate for crimes investigated at the district/precinct level

Conviction rate for...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading and References

  1. Abrahamse AF, Ebener PA, Greenwood PW, Kosin TE (1991) An experimental evaluation of the Phoenix Repeat Offender Program. Justice Quart 8:141–168Google Scholar
  2. CALEA (2012) Standards for Law Enforcement Agencies: The Standards Manual of the CALEA Law Enforcement Accreditation Program, Fifth Edition as revised. Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, Gainesville, VAGoogle Scholar
  3. Cordner G (1978) Open and closed models of police organizations: traditions, dilemmas, and practical considerations. J Police Sci Administr 6(1):22–34Google Scholar
  4. Davis RC (2012) Selected international best practices in police performance measurement. RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CAGoogle Scholar
  5. Eterno JA, Silverman EB (2012) The crime numbers game: management by manipulation. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  6. Fleming J, Scott A (2008) Performance measurement in Australian police organizations. Policing: J Policy Practice 2:322–330Google Scholar
  7. Henry VE (2002) The Compstat paradigm: management accountability in policing, business and the public sector. Looseleaf Law Publications, Flushing, NYGoogle Scholar
  8. Hoover LT (ed) (1998) Police program evaluation. Police Executive Research Forum, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  9. Langworthy RH (1999) Measuring what matters: proceedings from the Policing Research Institute meetings. National Institute of Justice, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  10. Lind RC, Lipsky JP (1971) The measurement of police output: conceptual issues and alternative approaches. Law Contemporary Prob 36:566–588Google Scholar
  11. Martin SE, Sherman LW (1986) Selective apprehension: a police strategy for repeat offenders. Criminology 24:155–175Google Scholar
  12. Moore MH, Braga A (2003) The bottom line of policing: what citizens should value (and measure) in police performance. Police Executive Research Forum, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  13. Parks RB (1971) Measurement of performance in the public sector: a case study of the Indianapolis Police Department. Indiana University, Bloomington, INGoogle Scholar
  14. Reaves BA (2011) Census of state and local law enforcement agencies, 2008. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  15. Shane JM (2007) What every chief executive should know: using data to measure police performance. Looseleaf Law Publications, Flushing, NYGoogle Scholar
  16. Stone C, Travis J (2011) Toward a new professionalism in policing. New perspectives in policing. National Institute of Justice, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  17. Sunshine J, Tyler TR (2003) The role of procedural justice and legitimacy in shaping public support for policing. Law Soc Rev 37:513–548Google Scholar
  18. Weisburd D, Neyroud P (2011) Police science: toward a new paradigm. New perspectives in policing. National Institute of Justice, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Criminal JusticeKutztown UniversityKutztownUSA