Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo

Disasters, Overview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_687

Introduction

Disasters are man-made and natural events (e.g., nuclear accidents, typhoons, tsunamis, earthquakes) that overwhelm the coping abilities and response capabilities of individuals and communities. Where disasters have elements that can be monitored and predicted, the identification, management, and reduction of risk has emerged as a prominent stance. The effects of disasters can vary widely according to the resources of the communities and countries affected. For example, the discourse of disasters in developing or “low income” countries tends to be mixed with notions of development and development opportunities, although many developed nations often require specialized and widespread external help. In these contexts, the contribution of psychology is often represented as understanding the individual and community effects of disasters, examining and promoting positive forms of coping, resilience, and recovery, researching ways of promoting and implementing risk thinking, and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social, Psychological and Communication SciencesLeeds Metropolitan UniversityLeedsUK