Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo

Disease, Overview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_644

Introduction

Critical psychology offers a critique of the construct of disease based on the positivist and capitalist ideological assumptions that inform dominant discourses regarding how disease is defined and who has authority to determine the presence of disease and the forms of intervention appropriate for ameliorating or correcting. This critique reveals a number of important issues that have framed debates regarding what constitutes disease. Among these issues are the mind-body question (Stam, 2004); the degree to which causes of disease are situated within the individual versus within the physical and sociocultural environment (Barney, 1994); the extent to which using disease to define the meaning and causes of deviance results in prescribing the status quo, social control, and abuse of power (Maracek & Hare-Mustin, 2009); and the role of social and cultural context in determining what gets labeled as a disease (Conrad & Barker, 2010). Prevailing social, historical, political,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Aho, K. (2008). Medicalizing mental health: A phenomenological alternative. The Journal of Medical Humanities, 29, 243–259.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Barney, K. (1994). Limitations of the critique of the medical model. The Journal of Mind and Behavior, 15, 19–34.Google Scholar
  3. Cassell, E. (1982). The nature of suffering and the goals of medicine. The New England Journal of Medicine, 306, 639–645.Google Scholar
  4. Conrad, P. (2005). The shifting engines of medicalization. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46, 3–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Conrad, P., & Barker, K. K. (2010). The social construction of illness: Key insights and policy implications. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51, 567–579.Google Scholar
  6. Conrad, P., & Schneider, J. W. (1992). Deviance and medicalization: From badness to sickness. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Eisenberg, L. (1977). Disease and illness: Distinctions between professional and popular ideas of sickness. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 1, 9–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Engel, G. L. (1977). The need for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine. Science, 196, 129–136.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Foucault, M. (1973). The birth of the clinic: An archaeology of medical perception. New York, NY: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  10. Foucault, M. (1976). Mental illness and psychology (A. Sheridan, Trans.). New York, NY: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  11. Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of a spoiled identity. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  12. Illich, I. (1975). Medical nemesis. New York, NY: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  13. Kugelmann, R. (2004). Health and illness: A hermeneutical and phenomenological approach. In M. Murray (Ed.), Critical health psychology (pp. 44–57). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  14. Lasch, C. (1991). The culture of narcissism. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  15. Maracek, J., & Hare-Mustin, R. T. (2009). Clinical psychology: The politics of madness. In D. R. Fox, I. Prilleltensky, & S. Austin (Eds.), Critical psychology: An introduction (2nd ed., pp. 75–92). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  16. Morris, D. (1998). Illness and health in the postmodern age. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 14, 237–251.Google Scholar
  17. Nye, R. A. (2003). The evolution of the concept of medicalization in the late twentieth century. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 39, 115–129.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Payer, L. (1992). Disease-mongers: How doctors, drug companies and insurers are making you feel sick. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  19. Santiago Delefosse, M. (2011). An embodied-socio-psychological perspective in health psychology? Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(5), 220–230.Google Scholar
  20. Stam, H. J. (2004). A sound mind in a sound body: A critical historical analysis of health psychology. In M. Murray (Ed.), Critical health psychology (pp. 15–30). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  21. Szasz, T. (1974). The myth of mental illness. New York, NY: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  22. Zola, I. K. (1983). Socio-medical inquiries: Recollections, reflections, and reconsiderations. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.Google Scholar

Online Resources

  1. Moynihan, R., & Henry, D. (2006, April 11). The fight against disease mongering: Generating knowledge for action [Online essay]. Retrieved from http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.0030191

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Psychology Program, Chicago School of Professional PsychologyChicagoUSA