Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo

Dissociative Identity Disorder, Overview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_344

Introduction

After nearly 70 years of virtually no mention in the medical literature, multiple personality disorder resurfaced in the latter part of the twentieth century, receiving a new name, dissociative identity disorder, and reaching almost epidemic proportions. Between 1922 and 1972, fewer than 50 cases of multiple personality disorder were recorded in the medical literature. By 1990, almost 20,000 cases of dissociative identity disorder had been identified (Showalter, 1997).

Historian and philosopher of science Ian Hacking associated the emergence of dissociative identity disorder with changing interpretations of childhood abuse (Hacking, 1991). In the 1960s “cruelty to children” was reinterpreted as a pathology requiring medical intervention. During this time, multiple personality disorder became linked to childhood abuse. Pierre Janet’s work on dissociation was also rekindled and joined with psychosocial theories of child development to explain the presence of “alter”...

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References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edn.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  2. Braude, S. E. (1991). First Person Plural: Multiple personality and the philosophy of mind. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Hacking, I. (1991). The making and molding of child abuse. Critical Inquiry, 17(Winter), 253–288.Google Scholar
  4. Hacking, I. (1995). Rewriting the soul: Multiple personality and the sciences of memory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Herman, J. (1981). Father-daughter incest. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Kluft, R. P. (Ed.). (1985). Childhood antecedents of multiple personality. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  7. Showalter, E. (1997). Histories: Hysterical epidemics and modern culture. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Van Der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E. R. S., & Steele, K. (2006). The haunted self: Structural dissociation and the treatment of chronic traumatization. New York: WW Norton & Company.Google Scholar

Online Resources

  1. Treating dissociative disorders “101”. Retrieved 25 Oct 2012, from (http://www.isst-d.org/education/dissociation-101.htm)
  2. What is a dissociative disorder? (2010). Retrieved 25 Oct 2012, from (http://www.sidran.org/sub.cfm?contentID=75&sectionid=4)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mental Health Scholar and PsychotherapistSan FranciscoUSA