Psychophysiological Arousal to Social Stress in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Todd P. Levine
  • Elisabeth Conradt
  • Matthew S. Goodwin
  • Stephen J. Sheinkopf
  • Barry Lester

Abstract

Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have social deficits which can lead to academic, occupational, and psychiatric difficulties. These individuals face multiple social challenges during the course of their lives which are exacerbated by difficulties understanding, processing, and describing social and emotional content in themselves and others. Self-report of such experiences is challenging for many individuals with ASD. As a result, there has been increasing interest in observing responses to social and nonsocial experiences across multiple levels of analysis, including measurement of psychophysiological systems related to homeostatic regulation. The study of psychophysiological arousal patterns in children and adults with ASDs during social stress provides information about the nature of, and individual differences in, emotional reactivity that is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve via self-report. However, psychophysiological markers of social stress in children and adults with ASDs (including sympathetic, parasympathetic, and hormonal) have yielded inconsistent results. In this chapter, we attempt to disentangle why these inconsistencies have emerged, within the context of the complex relations between these markers.

Keywords

Depression Cortisol Cocaine Lester 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Todd P. Levine
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Conradt
    • 2
  • Matthew S. Goodwin
    • 3
  • Stephen J. Sheinkopf
    • 2
  • Barry Lester
    • 2
  1. 1.Brown Center for the Study of Children at RiskWomen and Infants’ Hospital of Rhode IslandProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Psychiatry and Human Behavior and PediatricsAlpert Medical School of Brown University, Brown Center for the Study of Children at RiskProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Department of Health SciencesNortheastern University, Bouvé; College of Health Science & College of Computer and Information ScienceBostonUSA

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