Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Psychology of Creativity

  • Liane Gabora
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_386


Key Concepts and Definition of Terms

Defining Creativity

Creativity is arguably our most uniquely human trait. It enables us to escape the present, reconstruct the past, and fantasize about the future, to envision something that does not exist and change the world with it. The elusiveness of the construct of creativity makes it that much more important to obtain a satisfactory definition of it. Defining creativity presents difficulties; for example, not all creative works are useful, and not all are aesthetically pleasing, though both usefulness and aesthetic value capture, in some sense, what creativity is about. Nevertheless, psychologists have almost universally converged on the definition originally proposed by Guilford over 60 years ago. Guilford (1950) defined creativity in terms of two criteria: originality or novelty, and appropriatenessor adaptiveness, i.e.,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British Columbia Okanagan CampusKelownaCanada