Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Political Leadership and Innovation

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_319

Synonyms

 Human inequality;  Political creativity;  Political entrepreneurship

Political leadership, in a parsimonious definition, refers to the impact on decision-making and political outcomes that results from action by the holder of political office. Thus, it is connected with leadership style and may be rooted in certain character traits of the leader’s personality.

As such, however, it is at odds with core principles of democracy, most evidently equality coupled with the doctrine of popular sovereignty and guarded by the constitutional division of powers. Democracy ultimately rests on the premise of the rule of many embedded in rule of law. Hence, in terms of liberal and democratic theory, political leadership and democracy are contradictory.

Speaking empirically, the relationship between the two is slightly more ambiguous. The practice of liberal democracy is based on – the ensurance and endurance of – representatives’ accountability and responsivity. Voters are principals, who...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Blondel J. Political leadership: towards a general analysis. London: Sage; 1987.Google Scholar
  2. Burns JM. Leadership. New York: Harper & Row; 1978.Google Scholar
  3. Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ. Open innovation diplomacy and a 21st century fractal research, education and innovation (FREIE) ecosystem: building on the quadruple and quintuple helix innovation concepts and the “Mode 3” knowledge production system. J Knowl Econ. 2011;2(3):327–72.Google Scholar
  4. Helms L. Poor leadership and bad governance: conceptual perspectives and questions for comparative inquiry. In: Helms L, editor. Poor leadership and bad governance: revisiting presidents and prime ministers in North America, Europe and Japan. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2012; 1–15.Google Scholar
  5. In ‘t Veld RJ, editor. Knowledge democracy: consequences for science, politics, and media. Berlin/New York: Springer; 2010.Google Scholar
  6. Kellerman B. Bad leadership: what it is, how it happens, why it matters. Boston: Harvard Business School Press; 2004.Google Scholar
  7. Kitschelt H, Rehm P. Party alignments. Change and continuity. Paper delivered at the conference on the future of democratic capitalism. University of Zurich, 16–18 June 2011, Zurich.Google Scholar
  8. Körösényi A. Innovative leadership and the politics of disequilibrium. A Schumpeterian account of the role of leadership. Working papers in political science 2011/5, Institute for Political Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences. http://www.mtapti.hu/pdf/wp_korosenyi.pdf (2011). Accessed 25 June 2012.
  9. Riker HW. The art of political manipulation. New Haven/London: Yale University Press; 1986.Google Scholar
  10. Schumpeter JA. Capitalism, socialism and democracy. 3rd ed. New York/London: Harper; 1950.Google Scholar
  11. Schumpeter JA. In: Clemence RV, editor. Essays: on entrepreneurs, innovations, business cycles, and the evolution of capitalism. New Brunswick/London: Transaction Publishers; 1989.Google Scholar
  12. Tucker RC. Personality and political leadership. Polit Sci Q. 1977;92(3):383–93.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria