Proximity Relationships and Entrepreneurship
Proximity Relations at the Heart of Firms’ Strategies
In the present days of clusters, localized production systems, districts, or technopoles, it is not surprising that the question of proximities is raised with force in the analysis of firms’ strategies and the relations they form with their partners, competitors, and more generally with the economic and social environments in which they conduct their everyday activities. Moreover, this aspect has not escaped the makers of economic, industrial, or innovation policies, who unceasingly plead in favor of structures in which economic activities are concentrated, whether they be competitive clusters in France, industrial districts in Italy, technopoles and science parks in Britain and Japan, or the different types of clusters that exist all over the world (OECD 2001).
The studies devoted to the analysis of proximity relations are based on research situated at the intersection of industrial and spatial economics (Torre and...
- Bellet M, Colletis G, Lung Y. Économie de proximités. Revue d’Economie Régionale et Urbaine. 1993;3:357–606.Google Scholar
- Boschma RA. Proximity and innovation. A critical assessment. Regional Studies. 2005;39(1):61–74.Google Scholar
- Boschma R, Frenken K. The spatial evolution of innovation networks: a proximity perspective. In: Boschma R, Martin R, editors. The handbook on evolutionary economic geography. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2010. p. 120–35.Google Scholar
- Feldman MP. The geography of innovation. Boston: Kluwer Publishers; 1994. p. 155.Google Scholar
- Kirat T, Lung Y. Innovation and proximity. Territories as loci of collective learning processes. European Urban and Regional Studies. 1999;6(1):27–38.Google Scholar
- OECD. Innovative clusters, drivers of national innovation systems. Paris: OECD; 2001. p. 420.Google Scholar
- Pecqueur B, Zimmerman JB, editors. Economie de Proximités. Paris: Hermès, Lavoisier; 1994.Google Scholar
- Rallet A, Torre A. (eds.), 1995, Economie Industrielle - Economie Spatiale, Economica, Paris.Google Scholar
- Saxenian AL. Regional advantage: culture and competition in Silicon Valley and route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1994. p. 226.Google Scholar
- Torre A. On the role played by temporary geographical proximity in knowledge transfer. Regional Studies. 2008;42(6):869–89.Google Scholar
- Torre A, Gilly JP. On the analytical dimension of proximity dynamics. Regional Studies. 1999;34(2):169–80.Google Scholar
- Torre A, Rallet A. Proximity and localization. Regional Studies. 2005;39(1):47–60.Google Scholar