Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Business Incubator

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_196

The concept of business incubator first developed in the United States in the late 1950s (Lewis 2002). It has become more widespread at the international level since the 1980s (Hackett and Dilts 2004; Bergek and Norrman 2008). Entrepreneurial accompaniment is an activity that tends to develop when an entrepreneurial society emerges (Audretsch 2007). Support for entrepreneurial initiatives comes in the form of accompaniment structures promoted by the state, local groups, businesses, or training and research organizations.

Although initially these structures were used to support creators with restrictions, in a context of deindustrialization, they rapidly transformed into a springboard for ambitious, innovative projects with high added value. The practice of incubation is therefore nothing new, but it is tending to increase in specialization. This evolution has given rise to a wide variety of incubators.

In parallel, abundant literature has developed to include a number of trends...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karim Messeghem
    • 1
  • Sylvie Sammut
    • 2
  • Chaffik Bakkali
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier Recherche Management, AESMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier Recherche Management, ISEMMontpellierFrance