Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Business Emergence

  • Kathleen Randerson
  • Alain Fayolle
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_192



An opportunity (product, organization, market) can come to be in the absence of deliberate planning. The Cambridge dictionary defines “emergence” as when “something becomes known or starts to exist.”

Pioneer strategic management scholars (Mintzberg and Waters 1985) and entrepreneurship scholars (Katz and Gartner 1988; Gartner, 1993) had identified the importance of “emergentness” (Mintzberg and Waters 1985). Mintzberg and Waters set emergentness (when the order, or consistency in action over time, occurs in the absence of intention about it) and deliberateness (when the realized strategy, or patterns in action, forms exactly as intended) on the polar end of a continuum and propose a variety of types of strategies that fall along this continuum. Gartner (1993, p. 232, from Webster 1988) notes the definition “emerge” (1) to become manifest; (2) to rise from or...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Grenoble IUT2-CERAGGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.EM Lyon Business SchoolGrenobleFrance