Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Crater Breach

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_80


 Breached crater; Breached-rim crater


A fluid-incised gap in a crater rim.


Incisions through crater rims carved by inflows or outflows of water or lava. Crater rim cross-sections and breaches formed by outflowing fluid are often shaped like earthen-dam counterparts, i.e., the crater rim is triangular in cross section and the breach is trapezoidal (Wahl 1998; Coleman and Dinwiddie 2007).


  1. (1)

    Inlet/inflow/entrance crater breach, inlet channel (Fig. 1): The majority of Martian crater breaches are broadly of this type, although several genetic types are encompassed in the category, including breaches by single head-cut channels; breaches by headward extension of channel or valley networks (Irwin et al. 2005), through crater rims, the breaches themselves often incised by dendritic channel networks; rim breaching by lateral migration of adjacent channels (e.g., Enns et al. 2010); and breaches cut by overtopping flows from surrounding fluid-filled...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UCD School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy, University CollegeBelfieldIreland